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Prussian Army 1809 Pattern Infantry Musket

-  Napoleonic Wars   -   Waterloo  -   American Civil War

1809 Potsdam Flintlock Musket Prussian

1809 Potzdam Musket lock


Prussian 1809 Pattern Musket. Inspired by the French Imperial Guard's musket, this pattern was the standard infantry firearm when Prussian Army campaigned against Napoleon culminating in Blucher's timely arrival at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.   Other German states quickly adopted it.  

Desperate for arms at the opening of the American Civil War, the Union Army purchased at least 42,000 units for this musket, both flintlock and converted-to percussion cap versions. 

This model is unique for its brass barrel bands, reinforced hammer, all brass frizzen (pan) and built-in flash guard.   Another unique element was the muzzle sight in the barrel band, and the spring bayonet catch; marking the beginning of the end of the bayonet lug in military firearms technology.  The square comb of the butt offered enhanced durably but with a cheek cut for improved aiming.  The trumpet-shaped rammer head also for increased strength as opposed to the button-headed ramrods.   Everything about this musket is about German durability and it is no wonder thousands were still available to the Union Army for purchase.

Prussian Infantry at the Battle of Waterloo, 1815



 Like other infantry muskets, the 1809 Potsdam musket has a straighten frizzen cover over the brass pan. The .75 calibre barrel is 41 1/2 inches long and the musket's total length is 57 inches. The lock plate has the POTSDAM arsenal markings, along with the appropriate stampings on the breech.  Borrowed from the Prussians, the trumpet style ramrod was standard for the French Army after 1777. 

As the photographs attest, this replica is quite well assembled with a case hardened frizzen cover (hammer) producing good sparks. The seamless tempered barrels are made of high-carbon steel (type:BS970 no.080M40- auto industry foundry) and the breeches are threaded. We use a industrial case-hardening factory process that makes sparking both more reliable and longer lasting. Presently no other musket provider uses this technique.

As with all our other flintlocks, the vent is not drilled (read details below) so we can ship easily to your door throughout North America and to Europe and the UK. Aside from that they are exactly like the originals. A fine addition to any collection.


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Prussian 1809 Pattern Musket: 499.00 599.00 (MTS-005)

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View of Lock
(photo over exposed- engraving is quite pronounced)

View of Brass Pan and Flash Guard

View of Muzzle

For shipping costs and other details see our Muskets section

Our Guarantee

If upon receiving your musket you are not completely happy with your purchase, you may return it for a refund. All we ask is you cover the shipping costs. It has to be returned in two weeks of receipt and be in its original state (unaltered and unmodified).

Non-Firing State

We sell historically accurate muskets in a non-firing state. This allows us to comply with local, state, national and international firearms regulations. A certified gunsmith may alter a musket or pistol to a firing state by drilling the vent hole and test firing it. We are not legally responsible for any alteration from its present non-firing state.

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