Access Heritage Logo (formerly the Discriminating General)


new_but.gif (3276 bytes)


Militaryheritage.com
is:

Home of Access Heritage Inc (formerly The Discriminating General)

The Seven Years War Website

The Napoleonic Wars Collection

The War of 1812 Website

Military Heritage Magazine


Access Heritage Inc (formerly The Discriminating General)

Products and Services

1. Product Index

2. Heritage Film Services


If you enjoy reading the types of articles on our website, show your support by making your book purchases through here:

Books at barnesandnoble.com

Search by:


cover2.jpg (6588 bytes)
Wellington's Army

cover1.jpg (6716 bytes)
Napoleon's Army



7war_ban.jpg (12827 bytes)

Transportation of Provisions in North America, 1759
Submitted by Keith Raynor.

Whilst conducting some research in the Public Records Office, London; I came across the following letter contained in the Treasury files ( Reference T 1/389 ):

( Letter ) Recd. from Mr. Chauncey Townsend, Nov.23rd 1759.

The carriage from New York to Albany is easy by water, in large vefsels of 40 or 50 tons each; and tho' it is at least 160 miles within land, the expence at most does not amount to above one shilling pr. hundred weight.

The Grand Station from Albany westward, is to Oswego, about 260 miles; the carriage to which is partly by land and partly by water. The land carriage in the whole amounts to about 26 miles, in four several carrying places. The water carriage is difficult and tedious, as it is for the most part thro' narrow Rivers and Creeks, incumbered with numberlefs Falls, Rapids, Shoals and Rocks. And from the best calculation I have been able to make the cost of it will amount to about 20 s. pr. hundred weight.

From Oswego to Niagara, or to Frontinac, or to La Gallette, the carriage may be rendered very easy, as it is over a fine lake, and deep water, provided the managers of it build proper vefsels on the lake for the purpose.

The next Grand Station from Albany is northwards to Fort Edward, Lake George, Ticonderoga, Crown Point and Lake Champlain; all this carriage is of a mixt kind, in some places by water, and some by land, as the nature of the country best admits of; but, from the computations I have made, the expence of Transportation from Albany woll amount nearly as follows :

To Fort Edward 9 s. per hundred weight.

To Lake George 11 s. per hundred weight.

To Ticonderoga 13 s. per hundred weight.

To Crown Point 14 s. per hundred weight.

The next great object of carriage in North America is from Philadelphia to Fort du Quesne, which is about 312 miles, and all land carriage; by the best estimate I have been able to make of the expence, the carriage will amount to about 25 s. per hundred weight.

N.B. 8 s. per hundred weight makes nearly two pence per man per day.

These are the only great objects in the affair of carriage in North America; and the advantages of a Contractor for the carriage as well as provisions would be these, He may collect the provisions nearer to their Destination, than at the places named, and consequently would have lefs carriage to pay for. He may, when the season is favourable, supply the Forces in meat kind by means of live cattle, which will also considerably lefsen His expence of carriage.

But there are also many Disadvantages in His supplying provisions at all the distant posts, to wit, The waste of provisions by carriage, which in the Bread kind has been found to be enormous. The Damage and lofs of provisions by sudden showers, the heat of the sun, oversetting of Boats, and many other accidents, all which ( excepting captures by the enemy ) I suppose he must bear the lofs of.

Copyright Access Heritage Inc (formerly The Discriminating General) 1998


7 Years War  Articles Reenactment Events Calandar

Other Internet 7 Years War Articles and Resources Sound Clips of Military Music
British Military Replicas and Other Products

Uniform Charts:

British Regt.'s Service and Uniform Distinctions
Uniforms/Service of French Regiments


Complete Product Index



Contacting us


Copyright 1995-2016: Unless otherwise noted, all information, images, data contained within this website is protected by copyright under international law. Any unauthorized use of material contained here is strictly forbidden. All rights reserved. Access Heritage Inc (formerly The Discriminating General) is in no way to be held accountable for the use of any content on this website. See Conditions of Use.